In accordance with the Presidential Decree of the Republic of Belarus «On Accession to the International Treaty» of 22 May 2014 No. 235 Belarus acceded to the Nagoya Protocol on the Regulation of Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection was designated as state authority responsible for its implementation.

Article 13 of the Nagoya Protocol assigns countries which are the Parties to the Protocol to designate one National Coordination Centre on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing (hereinafter referred to as ABS NCC) and Article 17 assigns countries which are the Parties to the Protocol to appoint a Checkpoint for monitoring the utilization of genetic resources (hereinafter referred to as a Checkpoint).

In Belarus a National Coordination Centre on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit- Sharing was established at the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and in accordance with the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of 1 October 2014 No. 933. The Centre was also assigned with Checkpoint functions. Provisions on the ABS NCC and the Checkpoint were approved by the Resolution of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus of 27 October 2014 No. 70.

Main Objectives of the National Coordination Centre on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing:

• data collection, analysis and systematization with regard to the legislation regulating the access to genetic resources of the Republic of Belarus and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization;
• data collection and systematization with regard to genetic resources of the Republic of Belarus access to which may be provided to stakeholders and the database development on the use of genetic resources;
• specifying terms and conditions of access to genetic resources of the Republic of Belarus and their use, including the benefit-sharing arising from their utilization;
• providing information to stakeholders on access to genetic resources of the Republic of Belarus and the terms of their use, including the benefit-sharing arising from their utilization;
• arranging Expert Review of projects and agreements on access to genetic resources of the Republic of Belarus and the terms of their use, including the benefit-sharing arising from their utilization for the compliance with the Nagoya Protocol;
• information exchange with National Focal Points (National Coordination Centres) of other countries and international organizations on access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing;
• providing advisory services to the involved Republican bodies of the State Administration and other organizations in:
a) drafting legislative acts on access to genetic resources of the Republic of Belarus and specifying terms of their use, including the benefit-sharing arising from the utilization of such resources;

b) preparing proposals on the accession to international treaties on access to genetic resources and specifying terms of their use, including the benefit-sharing arising from the utilization of such resources;

Functions of the Checkpoint with the view of monitoring the utilization of genetic resources:

• data collection on receiving the prior informed consent on access to genetic resources and their sources; consolidation of mutually agreed terms for the use of such resources, including the benefit-sharing arising from their utilization;
• requiring users of genetic resources to provide information on the terms of the utilization of genetic resources and the compliance of terms with provisions of the Nagoya Protocol to implement effective measures to resolve issues in cases of non-compliance with the terms on access to genetic resources and their use, including the benefit-sharing arising from the utilization of such resources;

• performing other tasks assigned to the Checkpoint for monitoring the utilization of genetic resources within the scope of the Nagoya Protocol.

 

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